Pengaruh Modifikasi Senam Tai Chi Terhadap Keseimbangan Dinamis Pada Lansia Di Posyandu Lansia RW 03 Kelurahan Cipayung Jakarta Timur
Keywords:elderly, balance, dynamic, exercises, tai chi, Time Up and Go Test.
Background: As we get older, individuals begin to experience physical decline in both organ function and loss of
active body tissue. The elderly experience various physical, mental, and social changes. Balance disorders are one
of the problems in the elderly. With increasing age, the incidence of falls is also increasing due to disruption of
balance. If the balance of the body in the elderly is not controlled, problems will appear in the quality of life of the
elderly. Tai Chi exercise can be beneficial for reducing stress, increasing flexibility, improving liver and lung function, stabilizing blood pressure, strengthening bones and muscles, effectively controlling pain and improving physical function. Methods: This study used a quasi-experiment design with a non-equivalent control group model.
Samples aged 60 years and over with dynamic balance disorders, 20 samples to be tested were selected through
the lemeshow formula and were added to the experimental group and control group. The intervention consisted
of 30 minutes of Tai Chi exercise for 4 weeks with 12 meetings, 3x a week. Dynamic balance measurement using
Time Up and Go Test. Data analysis used in the form of paired t-test. Results: The average dynamic balance
before intervention in the experimental group was 16.8 seconds and after intervention was 13.25 seconds. Tai
Chi exercises showed significant results P Value <0.05. Conclusions and suggestions: The effect of Tai Chi
exercises can increase motor and sensory stimulation in the body and increase mobility restoration and joint
motion space. For the elderly who experience or do not experience a decrease in dynamic balance can do routine
Tai Chi exercises to improve dynamic balance and reduce the risk of falling.